Christo and Jeanne-Claude are the names through which the artworks co-produced by Christo Javacheff (b. 1935 in Bulgaria) and Jeanne-Claude Denat de Guillebon (b. 1935 in Marocco) are better known. The two artists intervene on all kinds of environments, objects, monuments or buildings to transform them, without ever forgetting the compositional rules followed by artists throughout history.
In 1958 Christo moves to Paris where he meets his future wife and artistic partner Jeanne-Claude. The first “wrapped objects” are born soon after: objects such as cans, chairs, bottles and boxes which are covered in a packaging made of a kind of waxed fabric and string. Christo takes Duchamp’s ready-mades and reverses the concept: instead of giving an ordinary object the quality of artistic production, he begins with affirmed artworks (such as the Mura Aureliane) and transforms them into bizarre ordinary objects.
In 1961 he exhibits solo for the first time at the gallery Haro Lauhus in Cologne.
Some of his most important works are: the 1971 “Valley Curtain”, a 294mt wide curtain of orange polyamide crossing a valley in Colorado; the 1975 “The Wall”, a complete packaging of the Mure Aureliane in Rome; the “Ocean Front” in Newport Rhode Island, with 14’000 square meters of fabric floating on the water; the 1985 “Umbrellas, Project for Japan and Western USA”, a line of 3’000 octagonal umbrellas placed on an imaginary line from Japan all the way to Western USA.